England is part of the United Kingdom and is located in Europe. It has a population of just over 54 million people and was first inhabited during the Upper Palaeolithic period (50 to 100 thousand years ago). The name comes from the Angles tribes, which settled in the region around the fifth and sixth centuries.
It took an important role in the colonialism era and was the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution, which changed the whole world. It’s famous for its constitutional monarchy, under Queen Elizabeth II, the Beatles, and most recently Harry Potter, among other things.
The English transportation system is arguably one of the best in the world. England boasts extremely well-kept highways, so driving up and down the country is just a breeze. You can also reach any region by bus, which is the cheapest option.
You can get to England via its many satellite airports, which are served by numerous low-cost flight companies. Once in the country, you should consider traveling by train and taking in all the beautiful landscapes.
As you may have guessed, the official language is English, which is spoken by roughly 98 percent of the population. Due to England’s colonial past and the free movement inside the European Union, Polish, Punjabi, and Urdu are also spoken by a large number of people.
It’s important to remember that although everybody speaks English, the accent and local expressions vary wildly across the country. Still, England is one of the top destinations for students who want to learn the language.
Main Cities and Towns
London is England’s capital and the most populous city in the country. It also has the largest metropolitan area in the whole of the European Union. It’s the world’s largest financial system and one of the biggest travel hubs.
The city is a cosmopolitan pot and one can meet people from all over the world. It has a vibrant restaurant and clubbing scene, along with a strong cultural movement. Samuel Johnson famously said “when a man is tired of London, he is tired of life,” which beautifully encapsulates the feeling.
Cambridge is located around 80 km north of London, and in the past, it was an important trading center. It has a population of around 123,000 of which nearly 20 percent are students due to the famous Cambridge University, which was founded in 1209.
The city is considered one of the prettiest in England due to the strong presence of early medieval architecture. Visitors also flock to the River Cam to enjoy some punting, where people propel the punt (a flat and square boat) with the aid of a pole.