Mini Guide to India
Important Sites and Natural Wonders
Ajanta and Ellora Caves
Ellora and Ajanta Caves are two complexes of monasteries and temples that were carved out of stones representing stories from Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism. Ellora has 34 caves and Ajanta 29, which started being carved from 200 BCE, but were only “discovered” in 1819 by a British Officer called John Smith.
Several caves depict the many incarnations of Buddha, others are dedicated to Lord Shiva, but the highlight is the Kailasa temple, a massive monolith that was built from the top down, instead of the base up.
Located in Amritsar, the Golden Temple is the most sacred place for the Sikh religion. It’s visited by thousands of pilgrims every day and all the people you see working there are Sikh volunteering for the complex (visitors can also help if they feel inclined). You’re required to leave your shoes outside and cover your head to enter the area, and once you’re inside, make sure to visit the dining hall and have some dhal, chapati, and rice with other devotees.